Pre to post World War I was the main theme and concern of
this decade. It concerned the American people in many ways at that time. This
was because the country was forced to make civil and financial sacrifices. Also the
war left us uncertain as to its outcome and changed our overseas affairs. WWI
affected us in other ways too. Our economy greatly increased because of war
production and it boosted our army incredibly. Women won the suffrage movement
because American troops overseas and people at home realized the value they put into the
war, and their contributions to it. This caused congress to finally succumb to the
political forces of the states that had passed women's suffrage, and to the unrelenting
work of NAWSA. In some ways we still feel the war's effects today. Such as
WWII because of the German's bitterness, the United Nations created from the League of
Nations, the ending of "uncivilized warfare as agreed during the Geneva Convention,
the sad killing of millions of men and women from war, blockades, and extensive economic
problems. These issues helped to create the main theme of this decade.
Events of This Decade
*Starred Events relate to the main theme.
"week-end" becomes a popular time in the U.S.
1910-The Mann Elkins Act is passed by Congress.
1910-The Boy and Girl Scouts are introduced in America.
March 25, 1911-The Triangle
Shirtwaist fire occurred killing 146 women. It was the worst factory fire in the
history of New York City.
1912-Massachusetts becomes the first state to adopt a
minimum wage for working class individuals.
1912-The Bull Moose Party is formed to reelect Theodore
Roosevelt as President.
1912-The Titanic, the largest passenger ship in the world at
the time, sinks on its first trip to New York drowning 1,513 people. It was
considered unsinkable until then.
1912-The government establishes a Children's Bureau within
the Department of Labor to improve and regulate child labor.
Reserve System is created. (FRS)
Paul and Lucy Burns take over the NAWSA.
1914-The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir
to the throne of Austria, sets off World War I.
States declares itself officially neutral in World War I, which lasts until June of 1917.
1914-The first traffic lights, which are only red and
green, are put up in the USA.
advocates organize a National Security League.
Woodrow Wilson creates the Federal Trade Commission.
1914-Construction of the Panama Canal is finally
1915-"The Supreme Court declares grandfather clauses
decides to joins the allies during World War I.
and Carrie Chapman Catt, two women's rights activists, organize the Woman's Peace Party.
*May 7, 1915-German
submarines sink a British ship called the Lusitania, killing American passengers.
This was one of the causes for American entrance into World War I.
Wilson is reelected as president on his 14 Points of Peace platform. This platform
would later be Wilson's basis for the League of Nation's.
February 1, 1917-Germany
begins unrestricted submarine warfare.
United States enters World War I on the side of the allies.
passes the Selective Service Act.
1917-The United States government grants Puerto Ricans
United States citizenship, although Puerto Rico itself does not a become a U.S. state.
1917-Upton Sinclair writes KingCoal, an expose of
the coal industry.
1917-The Russian Revolution ends the reign of the czars
and thrusts the country into communism. This conflicting form of government was one
of the future causes of the Cold War.
surrenders to in to the Allies.
1918-A world-wide influenza epidemic kills 22
1919-State legislatures ratify the 18th Amendment, starting prohibition and
a prelude to the roaring twenties.
Versailles Treaty marks the official end of World War I. The Germans were left
feeling bitter and resentful because of the extensive humiliation and reparations.
1919-The Chicago race riot occurs.
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